A chemical peel is a topical solution of different chemicals, specifically combined based upon the results you would like to see. Chemical peels can be used to erase deep wrinkles, reduce blotchy or red patches on the skin and remove skin blemishes. Chemical peels are a form of exfoliation and can provide a lasting effect on the skin, making it appear smoother and more youthful.
What is a Chemical Peel?
There are several types of chemical peels, each one having a unique chemical composition. The type of chemical peel that is right for you depends upon your skin type, the desired effect you would like the treatment to have and your skin tone. The different types of chemical peels have different levels of intensity, with some chemical peels providing gentle, light exfoliation and others providing more intense, deep exfoliating effects.
How it works?
There are six main types of chemical peels, including: trichloroacetic acid peels, retinoic acid peel, alpha hydroxy acid peels, beta hydroxy acid peels, phenol peels, and the Jessner’s peel (or Coombe’s formula peel).
Trichloroacetic acid peels – this type of peel is a deeply penetrating chemical peel, relying on high concentrations of the acid trichloroacetic. This concentration can range anywhere from 25% to 50% depending on how deep the patient would like the treatment to reach. This type of chemical peel is ideal for patients who have deeply rooted skin imperfections, or who have dark skin.
Retinoic acid peel – this type of chemical peel is usually performed in conjunction with the Jessner’s peel and is actually left on the patient’s face. The peeling process actually takes place on the third day and uses a combination of retinoids to help remove wrinkles, scars and skin discoloration.
Alpha hydroxy acid peels – this type of peel is the most gentle of all the formulas and uses a variety of fruit acids, such as citric acid and lactic acid, to gently remove rough skin and acne. This type of chemical peel is not recommended for removing wrinkles.
Beta hydroxy acid peels – this peels works in a similar way to the alpha hydroxy acid peel, but is a little stronger and penetrates deeper into the skin. This peel is designed to get rid of dead skin cells and dirt trapped in the skin’s pores and is a very effective treatment for acne.
Phenol peels – phenol peels are the strongest type of chemical peel on the market. While the initial side effects and discomfort is greater than those of the other peels, patients have reported seeing results for up to 20 years. This chemical peel often includes a penetration enhancer, allowing it to absorb deep into the skin, making it a great option for those who are looking to decrease dramatic wrinkles.
Jessner’s peel – a mild chemical solution, this chemical peel is designed to break up hard or rough patches of skin. It is mainly made up of salicylic acid and lactic acid.
Chemical peels can provide dramatic effects quickly, and usually only require 1 to 2 treatments for noticeable results. Since there are several types of chemical solutions on the market this treatment can be tailored to your skin type, producing the most effective results based upon your personal needs.