Our faces require a large number of veins, blood vessels and capillaries to deliver oxygen and blood to the many muscles in our face. Due to the constant exposure to sun, harsh weather and mechanical wear and tear our faces receive these delicate, small veins in our face can rupture leaving angry red marks that are hard to ignore. The skin on our faces is extremely sensitive and more fragile than the skin on other areas of our body.
What is it?
There are several different types of discoloration that can occur as a result of damaged or broken blood vessels in the face. The most commonly occurring skin damage is the appearance of broken capillaries around the nose and chin. Capillaries are the smallest blood vessels in the body and live near the surface of the skin in the thin upper layers of the epidermis. In most cases they are only one cell thick but because they are situated so close to the uppermost layer of the skin any damage that occurs in the capillaries is highly visible and often appear as deep red thin, string-like lines. Another common type of redness appearing in the facial veins is damaged caused by the disease rosacea. Rosacea is a chronic skin condition that results in constant irritation and redness of the skin and often causes damage to blood vessels in the upper layers of the epidermis. Spider veins, medically called spider angiomas, can also appear on the face. This damage to the facial veins is named so because the resulting scar looks like a spider, with a central, darker spot appearing where the large blood vessel was damaged with small, leg like scars radiating out from the center as the damage moves to the smaller capillaries leading into the main blood vessel. While none of these skin conditions will go away on their own, they are all highly treatable with dermatological procedures.
How does it work?
Two of the most effective treatments for removing facial veins are sclerotherapy and Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) treatments. Sclerotherapy involves injecting a medicine directly into the affected veins that collapse and disintegrate the damaged veins and also block ‘feeder’ veins from sending blood to the damaged areas to prevent future problems in these areas. Intense pulsed light involves using a broad spectrum of light wavelengths and administering them in pulsating patterns to quickly induce blasts of heat and thermal damage in the targeted areas of the skin, which cauterize the damaged veins and instantly reduces redness.
In as little as two to four treatments facial vein therapy can dramatically reduce the appearance of veins and redness in the face while also preventing future damage from occurring. Different types of facial vein therapy can also stimulate collagen production and elastin the skin, making the skin appear more firm and youthful. Both Intense Pulsed Light treatments and sclerotherapy are non-invasive procedures which create very little discomfort for the patient and do not require long recovery periods.